UVM Genetics & Genomics Wiki

Mitochondrial DNA

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An extranuclear DNA present in mitochondria. Mitochondria are subcellular particles, which evolved from endosymbiotic bacteria, therefore their DNA shares a lot of similarities to bacterial DNA, such as it's circular state or lack of histones. The genome of human mitochondria has degenerated over time from its original form,>1Mb, to the size of 16 569bp, containing only 37 genes.

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